A pipeline right of way (ROW) or easement is a strip of land over and around a pipeline.

Always call 811 and ask to have underground lines marked before digging near pipelines or rights of way.

Pipeline rights of way and easements are a permanent, limited interest in the land that enables the pipeline company to operate, test, inspect, repair, maintain, replace and protect one or more pipelines on the landowner's property. Generally, the pipeline company’s rights of way include the land above and approximately 25 feet on either side of the pipeline, though easement agreements vary.

For the safe operation of the pipeline, restrictions typically prohibit building, planting or storing items in the ROW. In some cases, farmers or ranchers may retain surface rights above the pipeline for agricultural purposes. Unauthorized building or planting in the pipeline right of way is known as encroachment.